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Kategorie modeli latających

KATEGORIE MODELI LATAJĄCYCH

 

      Międzynarodowa Federacja Lotnicza FAI usystematyzowała modele lotnicze i kosmiczne, dzieląc je na kategornie, a z kolei kategorie na klasy, zależnie od charakteru lotu, napędu, konstrukcji. Ogólna definicja modelu latającego brzmi: jest to statek powietrzny cięższy od powietrza, o ograniczonej wielkości, z silnikiem lub bez silnika, zdolny do wykonywania lotów bez możliwości wzniesienia człowieka w powietrze. 

 

Podział modeli przedstawia się następująco:

 

 

1. Kategoria F1 - modeli swobodnie latających.

(lot swobodny - jest to lot bez łączności fizycznej modelatrza z modelem)

Rozróżnia się następujące klasy modeli swobodnie latających:

 

  • F1A - modele szybowców
  • F1B - modele z napędem gumowym
  • F1C - modele z napędem spalinowym
  • F1D - modele halowe z napędem gumowym
  • F1E - modele szybowców do lotów na zboczu sterowanych mechanicznie
  • F1F - modele śmigłowców
  • F1G - modele z napedem gumowym
  • F1H - modele szybowców
  • F1K - modele z silnikami na gaz CO2
  • F1L - modele halowe EZB
  • F1M - modele halowe dla początkujących
  • F1N - modele halowe szybowców wypuszczane z ręki
  • F1P/F1J - modele z napędem spalinowym
  • F1S - latające skrzydła
  • F1Q - modele z napędem elektrycznym
  • FB - modele balonów na ogrzane powietrze
  • FLP - latawce płaskie
  • FLS - latawce skrzynkowe

 


2. Kategoria F2 - modeli na uwięzi.

(lot na uwięzi - jest to lot, podczas ktorego model pilotowany jest przy użyciu nierozciągliwych linek)

Rozróżnia się następujące klasy modeli na uwięzi:

 

 

  • F2A - modele prędkościowe
  • F2B - modele akrobacyjne
  • F2C - modele wyścigowe
  • F2D - modele do walki powietrznej

 


3. Kategoria F3 - modeli zdalnie sterowanych.

(lot zdalnie sterowany - jest to lot pilotowany z ziemi za pośrednictwem sygnałów radiowych)

Rozróżnia się następujące klasy modeli zdalnie sterowanych:

 

  • F3A - modele akrobacyjne
  • F3Ai/B – modele akrobacyjne do hali
  • F3B - modele szybowców do lotów termicznych i na bazy
  • F3C - modele śmigłowców
  • F3D - modele wyścigowe
  • F3E (za granicą F5J) - modele motoszybowców do lotów termicznych (nspęd elektryczny)
  • F3F - modele szybowców do lotów na zboczu
  • F3G - modele motoszybowców
  • F3H - modele szybowców wyścigowych
  • F3I - modele szybowców holowanych
  • F3J - modele szybowców do lotów termicznych, rozpiętość powyżej 2m
  • F3J/M - modele szybowców do lotów termicznych, rozpiętość poniżej 2m
  • F3K (F6D klasa olimpijska) - szybowce DLG (wyrzucane z ręki)
  • F3P- modele elektryczne do akrobacji programowej

 


4. Kategoria F4 -  makiety latające.

(makieta - jest to model latający, który jest zmniejszonym wiernym odwzorowaniem statku powietrznego)

Makiety dzielą się na:

 

  • F4A - makiety swobodnie latajace
  • F4B - makiety na uwięzi
  • F4C - makiety zdalnie sterowane
  • F4D - makiety halowe swobodnie latające ( z napędem gumowym)
  • F4E - makiety halowe swobodnie latające "orzeszki" (z napędem na gaz CO2 lub elektr.)
  • F4S - modele sylwetkowe na uwięzi

 


5. Kategoria F5 - modeli zdalnie sterowanych z napędem elektrycznym:

 

  • F5A - modele akrobacyjne
  • F5B - modele motoszybowców
  • F5C - modele śmigłowców
  • F5D - modele wyścigowe - pylon racer
  • F5E - modele motoszybowców zasilane z paneli słonecznych
  • F5F - modele motoszybowców z akumulatorami 10-celowymi
  • F5G - duże modele szybowców
  • F5J - modele motoszybowców do lotów termicznych (nspęd elektryczny)

 


6. Kategoria S - modeli kosmicznych (rakiety).

(model rakiety - jest to model, który wznosi się w powietrze bez udziału sił aerodynamicznych równoważących jego masę, napędzany modelarskim slnikiem rakietowym, wyposażony w urządzenie zapewniające bezpieczny powrót na ziemię)

Modele rakiet podzielono na nastepujące klasy:

 

 

  • S1A/B - modele rakiet wysokościowych
  • S2 - modele rakiet wysokościowych z ładunkiem
  • S3A - modele rakiet czasowych ze spadochronem
  • S4A - modele rakietoplanów swobodnie latające
  • S5B - makiety rakiet wysokościowych
  • S6A - modele rakiet czasowych z taśmą
  • S7 - makiety rakiet
  • S8D - zdalnie sterowane modele rakietoplanów
  • S9A - modele rakiet czasowych z opadaniem wirowym

 

 

 

 

 

   Źródło: "Poradnik modelarza lotniczego" K. Łapiński.

 

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